Hyper Activity Treatment
Attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a behavioral disorder of children. It is the most common neurological disorder of childhood. The present study was conducted to examine the increase in attention span in 43 ADHD-affected children treated with different approaches. The reaction time was measured using a Vernier chronoscope (electronic). Selected children of both sexes in the age-group of 6–16 years were divided into three groups. In group A, 17 patients received syrup Ayurvedic compound I; in group B, 14 patients were treated with syrup Ayurvedic compound I + Shirodhara with milk; and in group C, 12 patients received syrup Ayurvedic compound II (placebo). The dose of the drug was 1.0 ml/kg body weight and the duration of treatment was 3 months. Group B showed highly significant (P<.001) improvement in total reaction time, while in group C the change was statistically nonsignificant P > 0.10. It was found that while the drug and Shirodhara were both effective in improving the reaction time of ADHD-affected children, the drug combined with Shirodhara was superior to the drug used alone.
The present study was conducted to examine the efficacy of an Ayurvedic compound in decreasing reaction time in ADHD-affected children, using the Vernier chronoscope (electronic) test.
For this study, we selected all affected children attending the OPD of the Department of Bal Roga, National Institute of Ayurveda, Jaipur, and also screened the students of the schools in the area around the National Institute of Ayurveda to identify cases. Only children between 6 to 16 years were included in the study. In all, from the above-mentioned sources, 70 children were identified as eligible for inclusion in the study. Out of these, 55 children were registered; 12 children discontinued the treatment during the course of the study.
The selected patients were randomly divided into three groups, ensuring all the three groups had children from various grades, schools, and socioeconomic status.
Group A – This group of 17 children was given syrup Ayurvedic compound I
Group B – This group of 14 children were given syrup Ayurvedic compound I + Shirodhara
Group C – This group of 12 children were given placebo syrup Ayurvedic compound II (placebo)
Ayurvedic compound I: Coarse powder (Yavakut) of the drugs was mixed with sixteen times of water and allowed to soak overnight. After this it is boiled on an electric heater till it was reduced 1/8th of its original volume. Sugar was added to the decoction and the mixture was boiled for 30 min, after which it was allowed to cool. After cooling, coloring and flavoring agents and a preservative were added.
Ayurvedic compound II (placebo): This too was a sugary syrup with the same color and flavor as Ayurvediccompound I, but without any added drug.
Both Ayurvedic compound I and II were processed in the pharmacy of National Institute of Ayurveda, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India. The syrup form was intended to increase palatability.
The formulated Ayurvedic compound was given in dose of 1.0 ml/kg/day (using Young’s formula for calculating drug doses) in three divided doses. The children were asked to come for follow-up examination every 15 days for 3 months. Any discomfort or untoward side effects were also documented.